Frederick I Barbarossa

Holy Roman Emperor 1155-1190

A strong and charismatic ruler who imposed order in Germany, although he had limited success in restoring effective imperial control in Italy. In 1188 he decided to lead the Third Crusade, but was drowned in a rivwer in Cilicia before reaching Palestine.

[from: Hallam, Elizabeth (edt.): Chronicles of the crusades. London 1989]


Emperor Frederik Barbarossa and Henry the Lion in Chiavenna 1176 (Philipp Foltz)


CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA- Frederick I

Medieval Sourcebook- Historia de Expeditione Frederici Imperator
Medieval Sourcebook- Crusade of Frederick Barbarossa, Letters

"Frederick I, Barbarosa- 1152-1190"


Blessed Gérard Sovereign Military Order of Malta The Maltese Cross Relief Organisations of the Order of Malta The Order of Malta in Africa Brotherhood of Blessed Gérard

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